Twelve principles agreed so far in Panlong for future federal land and resource management in Myanmar.

What is the problem we are trying to tackle?

The first Panglong Conference was held in the Panglong region of British Burma in 1947, and was negotiated between General Aung San and ethnic leaders. The second Panlong Conference was held in 2016 organized by NLD government and chaired by Lt.Gen.Yar Pyae from the Tatmadaw, Tin Myo Win from the union government,,Shila Nan Taung from the parliament, Khun Myint Tun from the ethnic armed organizations(EAOs) and Myint Soe from the political parties. The EAOs called for a federal system that guarantees justice, equality, self-administration and protection of racial, religious and political rights of ethnic minorities. On 15 October 2016, the Myanmar government announced their “Seven Steps Roadmap for National Reconciliation and Union Peace”. The goals are (1) to review the political dialogue framework,(2) to amend the political dialogue framework, (3) to convene the Union Peace Conference-the 21st Century Panglong in accordance with the amended and approved political dialogue framework,(4) to sign union agreement-the 21st Century Panglong Conference Agreement based on the results of the 21st Century Panglong Conference, (5) to amend the constitution in accordance with the union agreement and approve the amended constitution (7) to build a democratic federal union in accordance with the results of the multi-party democracy general elections.

What do we do to address it?

U Win Myo Thu, Chairman of ALARM was a facilitator of national peace dialogue that was held in January 2016 for discussion of land and natural resource management thematic issue. In Pinlong conference, U Win Myo Thu is also participated belonging to the special invitee group. He has been invited by ethnic armed organization and ethnic representative for building the capacity of those constituents for political dialogue on natural resource management issue.

What does that achieve?

As a result, the following ten points are recommended from the discussion group as the common consensus.

  1. All the stakeholders should participate to make sure for the better completion and coverage of all the Basic Principles not only led by Union Peace Dialogue Joint Committee(UPDJC)(by the EAOs )
  2. The Biodiversity and Climate Change issues should be discussed at the next Peace Conference (The Hluttaw)
  3. The term “ Myae Yar” was used in the former points but the term “ Leyar” was used in the last points and it means whether it refers the whole agricultural sector , highlight or not and should have a clear definition(The Expert)
  4. The Environmental Management issues should be concerned for discussion point as it only includes at the title of discussion and not really discussed for it.(The relevant government officials)
  5. Edition should be step by step through the process of concept, wording and definition(the EAOs)
  6. The proposed basic principles have to be amended as their writing method tends to deviate from the main objectives. For example, the sentence  such as People Centered Land Policy that assists National Equal Sustainable development should be the Land Policy will support the National Equal and Sustainable Development and must be People Centered (The Expert)
  7. The principles regarding the land ownership for the poor landless  should be taken into consideration(The Expert)
  8. Should take account of the Customary Practices (The Expert)
  9. The policy applications should be consistent with the Basic Principles(The Expert)
  10. The basic framework which controlled the common prosperity and the common consensus should be laid down

The following five points are also discussed for the ownership issue

  1. Land ownership or land use should be clear(The Hluttaw)
  2. Regarding the land ownership, the better basic principle should be developed or the word should be revised because the word “ in accordance with the Land Law” is not enough to consider about the Customary Practices (The EAOs)
  3. In addition to the individual ownership, communal and collective ownership should also be taken into account
  4. For the land ownership section, protecting the Customary Land Use Practices and Land Ownership of the local Indigenous group (The government)
  5. Regarding the Ancestral Land, the period should be well defined for the ownership(The government, the expert)

How are we learning and improving?

  • Will still discuss at coming Panglong Peace Conference
  • Organizing Consultative workshops with EAOs and other stakeholders

With the representatives from the Environmental Conservation Department

With the Pao’ Ethnic representatives and the facilitators

Two Executive Committee Members of ALARM attending as the facilitators


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