Human Security and Decentralization Program (HSDP)
Problems and Issues
In Myanmar over 70% of total population lived in rural area and estimated that about 26% of total population are under the poverty line. Nowadays, Myanmar can be regarded as one of the countries with the highest poverty rate and has also been facing the consequences of climate change and extreme weather events. Moreover, there are many difficulties and challenges such as lack and low quality of basic infrastructure in rural area, low income due to lower quality of local products and unavailability of market access, huge impact by climate change, lack and inefficient capital and resources, weakness in technical support in agricultural sector and low job opportunities in rural area are found in Myanmar. Due to over usage of chemical fertilizer and pesticides, high water and wind erosion rate, wrong agricultural techniques, the agricultural productivity declined gradually whereas the land quality degraded and the yield decreased with the result of low farm products. On account of aforementioned issues, the rural development sectors became slow and less developed compared to other ASEAN countries.
Towards Human Security, Decentralized and Sustainable Development
Theory of Change
Myanmar is now trying to build the democratic country and the Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) play a crucial role in this process because they represent for grass roots and local community. In addition, they has implemented a lot of the development projects, regional development and humanitarian works, involved at the national level in the political change process by coordinating and collaborating with governmental and other concerned organizations and so on. The United Nation Development Program (UNDP) has implemented many program and projects and cooperated with the Governments, International Organizations and development agencies in the implementation of the projects in order to meet sustainable development goals (SDGs).
As a part of ALARM’s Assimilating Environmental Governance, Integrating Sustainability (AEGIS), ALARM undertook Human Security and Decentralization Program (HSDP) from 2016 to 2020. This program aims to imitate the process of assimilating decentralization and democratization for saving vulnerable life and all evicting the poverty. The expected results are scale-up rural empowerment, effectively initiate to Pilot Local Development Fund and readiness of Emergency response to natural disasters. Moreover, the development fellows of the community will be selected and equipped with the necessary skills in order to improve their leadership ability while strengthening rural development partners.
The expected outcomes are scale-up rural empowerment, effectively initiate to Pilot Local Development Fund, development of relevant rural development policy, law, strategy and framework, overcome the applied research which effective to local community and readiness of Emergency response to natural disasters. Moreover, the community development fellows will be selected and equipped with the necessary skills in order to improve their leadership ability while strengthening rural development partners.
Role of ALARM and Approach
To reach the expected outcomes, ALARM apply the following approaches;
- Develop minimum data set for poverty mapping
- Community development fellows and Rural Development partner
- Extension and demonstration farm for farmers
- Implement the project to promote the local governance
- Establishing the Land Bank
Evident based research for Climate Smart Technology
Current and future activities implemented by HSDP program are as follow;
- Rural Development Policy update
- Develop Rural Development law and Decentralized budgetary law
- Pilot Local Development Fund (LDF)
- Select and train the community development fellows
- Initiate the manual for participatory and social auditing of community development activity
- Create the minimum data set for poverty mapping
- Monitoring and evaluation of Mya Sein Yaung activities
- Establishment of demonstration farm for soil conservation like Vetiver grass plantation and good agriculture practices
- Conduct evident based research for energy saving technology and developmental research related with climate change
- Implement rural development projects
To meet expected results and outcomes, the aforementioned assumed factors are necessary to consider and implemented to become stable political condition, ensure good coordination with partner organizations and related government departments, and to have efficient funding source by international organization.